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Explosive Kills 4 More Children Grazing Livestock

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — A Kenyan official says four more children have been killed by an explosive device that went off in a field where they grazing livestock.

Mandera Governor Ali Roba is blaming devices that Britain might have planted during its colonial occupation of Kenya for the deaths on Saturday. He asked security agents to clear the fields of any devices from before Kenya gained independence in 1963.

Five children between the ages of 12 and 17 were killed in the same area of northern Kenya on Dec. 20 while playing with an explosive device they found while grazing livestock.

Many children living in the arid and semi-arid regions of Kenya often tend to their family’s livestock after school. Some are forced to drop out of school to do so.

Over 10,000 heads of cattle tagged in Laikipia Over 10,000 heads of cattle tagged in Laikipia

Over 10,000 heads of cattle tagged in Laikipia

Kenya Veterinary Association Chairman Dr Samuel Kahariri (in white shirt) and farmers showing the button-like device fixed on the cow’s left ear at Kariunga farms in Segera in Laikipia North. Photo (Jacinta Mutura, Standard)

LAIKIPIA, KENYA: Over 10,000 cows have been tagged in Laikipia in an exercise carried out by the Kenya Veterinary Association (KVA) in collaboration with the county government. According to the KVA Chairman Samuel Kahariri, the aimed target of tagging 10,000 animals in Laikipia in the first exercise has been hit. ALSO READ: Four counties partner with Kenya Meat Commission In the identification and traceability system, an electronic tag is put on the left ear of livestock to curb illegal movement which leads to spread of diseases. The technical teams which comprised of the officers from the association and veterinary officers from Laikipia tagged animals in the community ranches and private farms. At Il Ngwesi a community-owned ranch 4,600 heads of cattle were tagged while in the private ranches it is only the community animals that were tagged. “Some communities keep their animals in private ranches for fattening and we were only tagging the animals that belong to the community,” said Kahariri. Over 2000 heads of cattle were tagged at Mugie Ranch, 1161 at Nandanguro, 700 at Ol Jogi and 420 animals were tagged at El Polei. John Maina, a livestock keeper at Segera praised the initiative which he said would save them from cattle theft where in most cases animals are never recovered.
Read more at: https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/business/article/2001266049/over-10-000-heads-of-cattle-e-tagged-in-laikipia-to-curb-theft

UN warns of worsening hunger in East Africa amid third consecutive failed rainy season

NEW YORK, 14 July 2017 : The third consecutive failed rainy season in East Africa has seriously eroded families’ resilience, and urgent and effective livelihood support is required, the United Nations agricultural agency has warned.

According to an alert released today by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), poor rains have worsened hunger and left crops scorched, pastures dry and thousands of livestock dead.

“This is the third season in a row that families have had to endure failed rains – they are simply running out of ways to cope,” said FAO’s Director of Emergencies Dominique Burgeon in a news release. “Support is needed now before the situation rapidly deteriorates further.”

The most affected areas, which received less than half of their normal seasonal rainfall, are central and southern Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, northern and eastern Kenya, northern Tanzania and northeastern and southwestern Uganda.

Increasing humanitarian need

The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in these five countries, currently estimated at about 16 million, has increased by about 30 per cent since late 2016.

In Somalia, almost half of the total population is lacking reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food.

The food security situation for pastoralists is of particular concern, in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, where animal mortality rates are high and milk production from the surviving animals has declined sharply with negative consequences on food security and nutrition.

“When we know how critical milk is for the healthy development of children aged under five, and the irreversible damage its lack can create, it is evident that supporting pastoralists going through this drought is essential,” said Mr. Burgeon.

Poor crop prospects

In several cropping areas across the region, poor rains have caused sharp reductions in planting, and wilting of crops currently being harvested. Despite some late rainfall in May, damage to crops is irreversible.

In addition, fall armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation.

Cereal prices are surging, driven by reduced supplies and concerns over the performance of current-season crops. Prices in May were at record to near-record levels in most markets and up to double their year-earlier levels.

Global Food Security Portal

  • Improving Nutrition through Biofortification: Micronutrient deficiencies afflict more than two billion individuals worldwide. A recent article in Global Food Security reviews evidence from the HarvestPlus program on how biofortification has helped improve nutrition worldwide between 2003 and 2016.
  • REDD Policy Impacts on the Agri-food Sector and Food Security: Since a REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) agreement was reached at COP 16 in 2010, REDD policies have been introduced with the goal of preserving forests and proposals have been put forward to compensate developing countries for avoided deforestation. However, such policies may have an impact on global food security.
  • FAO Food Price Trend Report Released: The FAO’s monthly report on food price trends was released on February 13. The bulletin reports on recent food price developments over the past month at the global, regional, and country levels, with a focus on developing countries, and provides early warnings for high country-level food prices that may negatively affect food security.

Remember to register as a member to receive the latest information. For more information about global food and nutrition security, check out our Global Food Security Portal, and remember to follow the Food Security Portal on social media on Twitter and Facebook.
Best Regards,
The Food Security Portal Team

PASTORALIST WOMEN EXPORT SH10M BEADS TO US, AUSTRALIA PASTORALIST WOMEN EXPORT SH10M BEADS TO US, AUSTRALIA

PASTORALIST WOMEN EXPORT SH10M BEADS TO US, AUSTRALIA

 

About 900 women from pastoralist communities in northern Kenya have netted Sh10 million from export of home-made bead products to clients in the US and Australia.

The products like earrings, bracelets, rings, key holders and belts have elicited interest among Europeans who have placed an order for various products yet to be delivered worth Sh5.1 million .The export of beads has provided marginalized women with stable cash flow to cover daily expenses.

The project was mooted after studies conducted in the northern eastern region showed that empowering women helped to improve livelihoods by enabling children access education, families to enjoy better meals and be able to save for the future .Women have been trained on how to account for the funds as well as equipped

http://www.businessdailyafrica.com/Pastoralist-women-export-Sh10m-beads-to-US–Australia-/-/539552/2409408/-/g31py7/-/index.html

KCB interest-free loan to unlock arid area potential KCB interest-free loan to unlock arid area potential

KCB interest-free loan to unlock arid area potential

Nairobi; Kenya: Kenya Commercial Bank ( KCB) Chairman Ng’eny Biwott’s recent offer of interest-free loans to livestock farmers in arid and semi-arid areas of Baringo, Laikipia, Samburu, Turkana and Isiolo counties has the potential of changing the entire industry and ending poverty and dependency. This can of course only happen if leaders take up the offer by appointing extension officers to work with wananchi on the ground. These officers will have their work cut out for them in their engagement with people at the grassroots. Though it may not be easy, it is attainable. What is promising is that both the national and county governments are aware of the daunting task and what should be prioritised to make these areas self-sufficient in food production, as well as contribute towards national development. The scourge of insecurity and cattle rustling that has afflicted the region for decades have to be dealt with decisively once and for all.
Baringo Senator Gideon Moi is aware of this as evidenced in his call last week for unity to end cattle rustling and insecurity. This, as the senator noted, could be instrumental in dealing a deathblow to the risky existence in the area and foster peace. The senator note that, “We have to lead from the front. It is why I am calling on all the leaders from the region to come together and advise our people on the importance of maintaining peace. Violence is suppressing development and it is high time things changed.” The national government’s decision to spend Sh400 million in building 81 water pans in these areas could have given new impetus to the campaign for peace and focus on income-generating initiatives to eradicate poverty.
MODERN VETERINARY SERVICES The multi-million shilling project is being spearheaded by the Ministry of Devolution and Planning in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Already, 26 water pans in Turkana, Samburu, Baringo, West Pokot, Elgeyo-Marakwet, Trans Nzoia and Uasin Gishu counties have been built. But provision of water alone is not enough. This commendable effort should be accompanied by the adoption of modern veterinary services to uplift and improve the livelihood of the poor pastoralists. The expectation is that county authorities will build schools and health centres near the water pans, and the people encouraged to settle in these areas and adopt crop production. The ultimate objective would be to break the cycle of poverty and misery that bedevils pastoralists, whose flocks ironically are worth millions of shillings.
Just as the national government benchmarks against good practices in other countries, the county governments should also make reference to successful case studies in other counties if they are to achieve their objectives. Politically, such achievements come with the promise of reelection. Murang’a County for instance has set an exemplary standard, by focusing on the dairy industry as one of its key economic drivers for wealth creation. By introducing subsidised artificial insemination services and prequalifying milk buyers, the county is empowering farmers to get the best out of their livestock, by improving the quality of cows as well as the price of their products. This is a model that can be adopted by other counties. The prequlaification will largely preclude raw milk vendors from the market, in addition to curbing the common tendency by bulk customers to exploit dairy farmers by arbitrarily offering low prices. The outcome is that there will be an element of market predictability, which can spur investment in the industry. The multiplier effect is staggering and other counties should make an effort to borrow a leaf from Murang’a. Access to markets The arid and semi-arid regions could particularly benefit from the Murang’a model to improve the quality of their livestock, even if beef production is their economic mainstay. Diversifying into milk production in these areas can also help in further securing their economic status. According to experts, livestock improvement programmes would cost less and cumulatively yield more than the uncoordinated manner in which some counties have opted to build abattoirs in the region. While there is nothing wrong in putting up abattoirs, it is advisable that such projects be implemented only after establishing market demand and putting other infrastructure like all-weather roads in place; otherwise the beef may end up costing even more than anticipated. To his credit, Mr Biwott foresaw this important phase in the agribusiness supply chain when he promised that KCB would help farmers find local and export markets for their beef. Economists are in agreement that banks and other financial institutions have the capacity to unlock the country’s agricultural potential by coming to the aid of pastoralists to access markets. This is because all businesses thrive or fail depending on market accessibility. That is besides the fact that lending institutions are best-placed to understand market dynamics. By deciding to market their customers’ products, the banks would also benefit, not only through increased goodwill of loyal customers, but by enriching the jobs and consequently boosting the morale of their employees as well.
Bank boosts livestock farmers with Sh1b kitty Bank boosts livestock farmers with Sh1b kitty

Bank boosts livestock farmers with Sh1b kitty

Photo of a herder in Marsabit County.
The fund will boost livestock farmers in arid and semi arid areas.

Interest

free fund will increase productivity as well as increase farmers’ incomes.

Kenya Commercial Bank (KCB) has established a Sh1 billion revolving fund for livestock farmers in Arid and Semi-Arid areas (Asal). The credit is designed to commercialize livestock industry and enable farmers increase production as well as income. KCB Foundation Manager Rachel Gathoni, in an interview last week said the fund will be interest-free. For farmers to benefit from the kitty, they must be in groups such as cooperative societies to ensure security provision to the individual borrower. “We intend to reach as many livestock farmers in the Asal areas as possible with the view of boosting their livelihoods. Further, we expect the support will lead to high output to meet the increasing demand of livestock products in the local as well as the global market,” said Ms Gathoni.

The Sh30 million pilot project was commissioned in May this year, in Baringo County targeting 50,000 farmers where they are being vetted and organised into groups. “Doing so is to enable us assist the farmers build up a strong credit history so that they can even access more loans,” she added. The kitty enable farmers improve nutrition and health of their livestock and help facilitate their access to the market. The programme addresses value addition and will be rolled out to all 47 counties next year. Majority of the leather livestock products, mostly skins and hides are exported in raw form and semi-finished due to lack of capacity by local manufacturers to carry out value addition. Value addition The Ministry of Industrialization and Enterprise Development early this year launched a five year strategic plan that seeks to boost industrialization and enhance value addition on leather products.

Value addition in leather industry has remained low over the years but the situation has been changing since 2004 when the Government introduced export taxes on leather products in a bid to enable the industry earn more for the country. In this year’s budget, the Government allocated Sh3 billion for the leather and textile industry. Industrialisation and Enterprise Development Cabinet Secretary Adan Mohamed in an interview last week, disclosed that the local leather industry has a capacity to make up to Sh55 billion to the Gross Domestic Product. Despite huge demand for leather and its products, Mohamed regretted the demand is heavily reliant on imported supplies against a current local supply of less than four million units annually. Gathoni said this will increase farmers productivity to meet the increasing demand of red meat in the global market. “Kenya is net exporter of red meat. Arab countries sometimes order meat locally but local traders cannot meet the demand due to low production,” she noted

She observed that the bank’s initiative is meant to eradicate poverty and enhance financial inclusion. “Once farmers borrow the money and utilise it well, income on meat and dairy products will increase by 50 per cent and 400 per cent respectively,” she explained.

Read more at: http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/business/article/2000129037/bank-boosts-livestock-farmers-with-sh1b-kitty?pageNo=1

Co-Management Model can work ANYWHERE!!!! Co-Management Model can work ANYWHERE!!!!

Co-Management Model can work ANYWHERE!!!!

Kenya Livestock Marketing Council (KLMC) is currently strengthening the sustainability of the County Livestock Marketing Council (CLMC) approach by promoting and piloting a co-management model in all counties .Here ,the CLMC and County Council have developed a revenue sharing plan under which revenue (taxes) collected from the market is shared between the CLMC  and County Council .

The CLMC splits their portion of revenue between community development projects ,market maintenance and incentive payments to the committee members for their service .The model promotes  the sustainability of markets and ensures improved management  though efficient collection of tax and proper service.

 

LIVESTOCK FOR SALE

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In Turkana, things are changing!!! In Turkana, things are changing!!!

In Turkana, things are changing!!!

Confronted by multiple challenges and long-term marginalization , people in Turkana are taking charge of their lives.

In Turkana, county pastoralist have faced challenges preserving their hides, skin and meat after they slaughter their animals .Through the intervention of KLMC and CLMC  they organized

Training on value addition with the help of KLMC donor partner funds was raised for the Construction of tannery in Lodwar rural. The tannery has assisted Turkana CLMC

In adding value to animal products like hides and skins .CLMC in collaboration with Kenya

Leather development cooperation facilitated local capacity training on preparation andreservation of hides and skins into useful animal products. This initiative has enabled them to generate revenue for both pastoralist and CLMC.

tannery 1

 

Turkana CLMC Treasurer Mr Jackson lele, takes photo by the completed tannery building

EXCELLENT SOLUTION to increase drought resilience and improve socio-economic conditions in WAJIR COUNTY EXCELLENT SOLUTION to increase drought resilience and improve socio-economic conditions in WAJIR COUNTY

EXCELLENT SOLUTION to increase drought resilience and improve socio-economic conditions in WAJIR COUNTY

Wajir County is located in an arid area prone to drought, in the North Eastern part of Kenya. It lies within the Sahelian climatic region, which is characterised by long dry spells and short rainy seasons, with annual average rainfall between 250 to 300mm. About 60% of the population is pastoral, while 23% is agro pastoral. The Baseline economic household survey (2013) – developed during the inception period – indicated that the average monthly household expenditure in Wajir is Kshs 4416 (approx. US$50). This makes Wajir number 5 among the top poorest counties in Kenya, according to the Commission for Revenue Allocation Report CRA (2013).

During periods of drought, lack of fodder is often a major cause of livestock mortality. During the 2009 drought, many households lost up to 65%of their herd, directly resulting in increased levels of poverty and food insecurity. We believe that through sustainable fodder production and marketing, communities can benefit from less volatile/fluctuating incomes and reduced livestock mortality during drought, as they will have access to affordable hay.  Since 2013 The Project has been working with the Mungano Makaror farmers group on fodder production.

Mungano Makaror farming group’ in Wajir East was established in 2004 and has ten members (six women and four men). It is part of the county farmer’s association, and is situated about 15 km outside Wajir town.

The group engages in fodder production, but also produces different types of fruits including pawpaw, bananas and citrus, and they keep small ruminants.

 

Sustainability and the way forward

Fodder production is an excellent solution to increase drought resilience and improve socio-economic conditions. The Mungano Makaror farmers group started producing fodder themselves after the 2009 drought, when they saw the benefits of fodder production. With the assistance of SNV, ILRI and KLMC they have been able to significantly increase their production. They are eager to continue with fodder activities (even without external assistance) as they see the business opportunities of being able to sell hay to pastoralists during drought periods.

SNV, ILRI and KLMC will continue providing support to local fodder groups in Wajir and other ASAL counties, with the aim of making them viable micro-enterprises that will continue their business after the project has ended. The project will furthermore look at the possibility of using solar energy for irrigation, as well as assisting the County Government/NDMA to mainstream the process of buying fodder from the farmers for strategic reserves.

By documenting and sharing experiences and livelihood impacts of the market and fodder interventions the project aims to serve both pastoralist communities as well as local government authorities in maintaining and scaling up these models. The Project is currently using the Mungano Makaror Farmers group as an example for other groups from within and outside Wajir County – among others through exchange and learning visits.

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 “The project has helped us attain knowledge on fodder production because now we know which seeds to plant and how, and we also have a baling box to use for packing the fodder for sale. Now we are able to produce much more than we could before the project, and we are willing to continue with the initiative”

Guhad Faral, Chairman of the Muungano Makaror Farmers Group

 


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